Assessment of estimated retinal atrophy progression in Stargardt macular dystrophy using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography.

TitleAssessment of estimated retinal atrophy progression in Stargardt macular dystrophy using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsStrauss, RW, Muñoz, B, Wolfson, Y, Sophie, R, Fletcher, E, Bittencourt, MG, Scholl, HPN
JournalBr J Ophthalmol
Volume100
Issue7
Pagination956-962
Date Published2016 Jul
ISSN1468-2079
Abstract

AIMS: To estimate disease progression based on analysis of macular volume measured by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in patients affected by Stargardt macular dystrophy (STGD1) and to evaluate the influence of software errors on these measurements.

METHODS: 58 eyes of 29 STGD1 patients were included. Numbers and types of algorithm errors were recorded and manually corrected. In a subgroup of 36 eyes of 18 patients with at least two examinations over time, total macular volume (TMV) and volumes of all nine Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) subfields were obtained. Random effects models were used to estimate the rate of change per year for the population, and empirical Bayes slopes were used to estimate yearly decline in TMV for individual eyes.

RESULTS: 6958 single B-scans from 190 macular cube scans were analysed. 2360 (33.9%) showed algorithm errors. Mean observation period for follow-up data was 15 months (range 3-40). The median (IQR) change in TMV using the empirical Bayes estimates for the individual eyes was -0.103 (-0.145, -0.059) mm(3) per year. The mean (±SD) TMV was 6.321±1.000 mm(3) at baseline, and rate of decline was -0.118 mm(3) per year (p=0.003). Yearly mean volume change was -0.004 mm(3) in the central subfield (mean baseline=0.128 mm(3)), -0.032 mm(3) in the inner (mean baseline=1.484 mm(3)) and -0.079 mm(3) in the outer ETDRS subfields (mean baseline=5.206 mm(3)).

CONCLUSIONS: SD-OCT measurements allow monitoring the decline in retinal volume in STGD1; however, they require significant manual correction of software errors.

DOI10.1136/bjophthalmol-2015-307035
Alternate JournalBr J Ophthalmol
PubMed ID26568636
PubMed Central IDPMC4941136
Grant ListU54 HG006542 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States