A homozygous missense variant in VWA2, encoding an interactor of the Fraser-complex, in a patient with vesicoureteral reflux.

TitleA homozygous missense variant in VWA2, encoding an interactor of the Fraser-complex, in a patient with vesicoureteral reflux.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
Authorsvan der Ven, AT, Kobbe, B, Kohl, S, Shril, S, Pogoda, H-M, Imhof, T, Ityel, H, Vivante, A, Chen, J, Hwang, D-Y, Connaughton, DM, Mann, N, Widmeier, E, Taglienti, M, Schmidt, JMagdalena, Nakayama, M, Senguttuvan, P, Kumar, S, Tasic, V, Kehinde, EO, Mane, SM, Lifton, RP, Soliman, N, Lu, W, Bauer, SB, Hammerschmidt, M, Wagener, R, Hildebrandt, F
JournalPLoS One
Volume13
Issue1
Paginatione0191224
Date Published2018
ISSN1932-6203
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Amino Acid Substitution, Animals, Animals, Newborn, Biomarkers, Tumor, Child, Consanguinity, Conserved Sequence, Exons, Extracellular Matrix Proteins, Fraser Syndrome, Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental, Homozygote, Humans, Male, Mice, Models, Animal, Models, Molecular, Mutation, Missense, Pedigree, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Urogenital Abnormalities, Urogenital System, Vesico-Ureteral Reflux
Abstract

Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) are the most common cause (40-50%) of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children. About 40 monogenic causes of CAKUT have so far been discovered. To date less than 20% of CAKUT cases can be explained by mutations in these 40 genes. To identify additional monogenic causes of CAKUT, we performed whole exome sequencing (WES) and homozygosity mapping (HM) in a patient with CAKUT from Indian origin and consanguineous descent. We identified a homozygous missense mutation (c.1336C>T, p.Arg446Cys) in the gene Von Willebrand factor A domain containing 2 (VWA2). With immunohistochemistry studies on kidneys of newborn (P1) mice, we show that Vwa2 and Fraser extracellular matrix complex subunit 1 (Fras1) co-localize in the nephrogenic zone of the renal cortex. We identified a pronounced expression of Vwa2 in the basement membrane of the ureteric bud (UB) and derivatives of the metanephric mesenchyme (MM). By applying in vitro assays, we demonstrate that the Arg446Cys mutation decreases translocation of monomeric VWA2 protein and increases translocation of aggregated VWA2 protein into the extracellular space. This is potentially due to the additional, unpaired cysteine residue in the mutated protein that is used for intermolecular disulfide bond formation. VWA2 is a known, direct interactor of FRAS1 of the Fraser-Complex (FC). FC-encoding genes and interacting proteins have previously been implicated in the pathogenesis of syndromic and/or isolated CAKUT phenotypes in humans. VWA2 therefore constitutes a very strong candidate in the search for novel CAKUT-causing genes. Our results from in vitro experiments indicate a dose-dependent neomorphic effect of the Arg446Cys homozygous mutation in VWA2.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0191224
Alternate JournalPLoS ONE
PubMed ID29351342
PubMed Central IDPMC5774751
Grant ListUM1 HG006504 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR001863 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
P30 DK079310 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
S10 OD018521 / OD / NIH HHS / United States
R01 DK078226 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
DK088767 / NH / NIH HHS / United States
T32 DK007726 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States