Sequence variants in nine different genes underlying rare skin disorders in 10 consanguineous families.

TitleSequence variants in nine different genes underlying rare skin disorders in 10 consanguineous families.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsShah, K, Mehmood, S, Jan, A, Abbe, I, Ali, RHussain, Khan, A, Chishti, MS, Lee, K, Ahmad, F, Ansar, M, Shahzad, S, Nickerson, DA, Bamshad, MJ, Coucke, PJ, Santos-Cortez, RLP, Spritz, RA, Leal, SM, Ahmad, W
Corporate AuthorsUniversity of Washington Center for Mendelian Genomics
JournalInt J Dermatol
Date Published2017 Dec
Keywords1-Acylglycerol-3-Phosphate O-Acyltransferase, Aldehyde Oxidoreductases, Blister, Collagen Type VII, Consanguinity, DNA Mutational Analysis, DNA-Binding Proteins, Endonucleases, Epidermolysis Bullosa, Epidermolysis Bullosa Dystrophica, Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex, Exome, Female, Flavoproteins, Homozygote, Humans, Ichthyosiform Erythroderma, Congenital, Ichthyosis Vulgaris, Ichthyosis, Lamellar, INDEL Mutation, Intermediate Filament Proteins, Keratin-14, Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors, Lipoxygenase, Male, Membrane Proteins, Mitochondrial Proteins, Muscular Diseases, Neoplasm Proteins, Nuclear Proteins, Pedigree, Periodontal Diseases, Phenotype, Photosensitivity Disorders, Porphyria, Variegate, Protoporphyrinogen Oxidase, Rare Diseases, Sjogren-Larsson Syndrome, Skin Diseases, Genetic, Transcription Factors, Xeroderma Pigmentosum

BACKGROUND: Genodermatoses represent genetic anomalies of skin tissues including hair follicles, sebaceous glands, eccrine glands, nails, and teeth. Ten consanguineous families segregating various genodermatosis phenotypes were investigated in the present study.

METHODS: Homozygosity mapping, exome, and Sanger sequencing were employed to search for the disease-causing variants in the 10 families.

RESULTS: Exome sequencing identified seven homozygous sequence variants in different families, including: c.27delT in FERMT1; c.836delA in ABHD5; c.2453C>T in ERCC5; c.5314C>T in COL7A1; c.1630C>T in ALOXE3; c.502C>T in PPOX; and c.10G>T in ALDH3A2. Sanger sequencing revealed three homozygous variants: c.1718 + 2A>G in FERMT1; c.10459A>T in FLG; and c.92delT in the KRT14 genes as the underlying genetic cause of skin phenotypes.

CONCLUSION: This study supports the use of exome sequencing as a powerful, efficient tool for identifying genes that underlie rare monogenic skin disorders.

Alternate JournalInt. J. Dermatol.
PubMed ID29130490
PubMed Central IDPMC6094939
Grant ListP30 AR057212 / AR / NIAMS NIH HHS / United States
U54 HG006493 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States
UM1 HG006493 / HG / NHGRI NIH HHS / United States